Hello it’s me! So today I wanted to discuss what almost seems like a primal thing that is buried within mans DNA. Thats right we’re talking about fire today. In particular the different Ways to Make Fire, to be more precise.
I’d like to approach this from a preparedness bug out situation (as we all should be prepared) and not from a forced survival situation with nothing, like Tom Hanks found himself in the movie Castaway.
Instead lets say we’ve bugged out to where ever in the wilderness we planned. Once we get there first thing we’re gonna need is fire. I mean we need it from everything like purifying water, cooking, creating smoke for signaling, keeping predators away to keeping warm.
Sometimes you have to use whatever is at hand, fortunately there are many ways to make fire. As mentioned earlier we should have prepared with these different methods of creating fire. Maybe in preparation you’ve even decided to carry some of these items in your bug out bag.
As a disclaimer here, I suck at all these. But I still try, as you should as well. So without any further adieu, lets press on and see how to make a fire in the wild.
How to Make Fire With Sticks
History has taught us that rubbing two sticks together can create a fire. This is the most primitive way to start fire.
It transformed mankind existence on this planet in so many ways.
This is by far the hardest way to start a fire. It takes true grit you might say. You need lots of patience and effort not to mention well callused hands. But it can be done.
Before we start, remember the kind of wood you use matters. Also the wood used can’t be wet or even damp. If it is then you’ll never get a spark. The wood has to be completely dry.
1.Starting a Fire Using The Hand Drill Method
To start your going to need two sticks. One will be used as a spindle the other will be a hearth. By rotating the spindle in the hearth your causing friction, which in turn causes a build up of wood dust. After adding enough friction, it’s gonna cause a spark to ignite the dust and create an ember.
You then transfer that ember to some tinder that you’ve gathered. Then blow on it gently to get the fire started. Watch this professional in the video below to see a beginners step by step guide on this method of starting a fire.
2.Starting a Fire Using The Fire Plow (plough) Method
From what I can recall is this method come to us by way of Asia, Polynesia the Hawaiian Islands. Again this way of starting a fire takes some practice and elbow grease. But it works and if I can do it so can you. As before your gonna need wood thats soft. Coming from this part of the world the wood typically used was probably cedar and or hibiscus.
If you can, make your plow and fire board up and get it in your bag, before you need to bug out. This way the wood will have more time to dry out, packed and ready to go. I could try and explain to you how to make this fire plow and the trough but I’ll only confuse you.
Instead I have a video from Jim at “paleomanjim” who can explain this far better than me.
3.Starting a Fire Using The Fire Bow Method
This is also a very ancient way of starting fires. I’m not sure when it got to North America but the technique was used in South Asia, Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It’s considered by many to be the easiest method to work with.
Thats due in part to how much easier it is to maintain speed and pressure on your drill. Ok, so it may be easy to perform but you’ll still need to work at it.
Before going further, it’s worth mentioning there are a few schools of thought on these fire starting methods.
Some think you should practice these techniques in the wilderness. Only using what materials available to you out there. In this way you’ll truly learn how to create a fire to survive. There is merit to this school of thought.
The other school of thought is more of being prepared and having these tools already done and in your bag. Ready to go. That way if we’re forced out into the wilderness to survive like Tom Hanks and Wilson, then we’re ready right there and then. Our fire starting wooden sticks will be dry and ready to go.
I do regress though! It is good to go and practice in the wild, using the wood and grasses available to you out there. Because sooner or later you’ll need more fire bows when yours wear out. And besides you get more practice at making fire using these primitive methods.
As you might have guessed, I’ve got yet another video for you to watch. But before that I wanted to let you know there are only 4 parts you need to have, for the fire bow to work. You need:
- a Hearthboard (also known as the fire board)
- Socket (also known as a Hand Hold) KKKKKKKKKK
Thats all you need. Well no… now you need to watch this video below and learn this method because he’s really good at showing us!
3 Ways to Make Fire – Without Matches
As you can plainly see from above, there are many ways to make fire. All of which use friction to create the embers. I think you might agree, that there could be as many friction fire methods as there are countries, races and tribes of peoples. A few trewths here. (thats how I said that)
All these ways work to help create a fire, and anyone can do it. So lets look at some more ways to make fire using friction.
10. Starting a Fire Using The Fire Drill Pump
If you’ve not heard of this method, then let me give you some background on it. The fire drill pump creates friction by using what we would call a flywheel. The flywheel can either be a round rock or a round piece of wood. The cross bar is made of hardwood. While the spindle and fire board is made of softwoods.
Some say this tool dates back to the roman days. Its not clear if other countries used this tool. Whether the Spaniards in the 1500’s brought it to North America or what, it is today regarded as a creation of the Iroquois people.
More recently the cherokee nation who are a detached tribe of the Iroquoian family are known to be using this tool. So check the video out below. Learning from a pro is always a good thing right?
20. Starting a Fire Using The Two Man Friction Drill
This is just like the bow drill, only you can use two people instead of one. Not sure how this come about other than the need to come up with something easier. This is ideal if your not alone and have others to help.
With two people doing this you maintain a faster speed and pressure on the spindle. And Thats a good thing. All the pieces for this drill, are the same as the bow drill. Check the video out below and see how quick fire happens.
30. Starting a Fire Using The Eskimo Strap Drill
Now I’ve never done this so don’t look to me for all the answers. What little I do know I’m passing to you. This is yet another take on the bow drill. The main advantage for this method is to keep your hearth up and away from the snow.
The principals are the same as the bow drill but instead of using a bow you replace it with a strap. The bearing block is held in the mouth. Check the video below and see how this works, you’ll be amazed…
How to Make Fire With Rocks
Well… we’ve went and done it now. This method is so far back in time that anything primitive sounds rather young. This technique stretches all the way back to the damn stone age. We think we know at some point those people back then also learned how to make fire.
I’m sure that flint wasn’t just laying everywhere. Instead there probably was more common rocks than anything else.
I looked for any evidence that was related to any person or school that was training on starting a fire with just rocks. After a few hours of research all I had was one article and one video. This leads me to believe that not many people today even attempt this method.
I could be wrong. But it’s just what it looks like to me. Anyways lets see what I’ve found.
31.Starting a Fire Using Rocks
What can I say, all you need is two rocks and some very dry tender. Simple right? Let me ask you, you ever try this? I did when I was young, it didn’t work. Two more times I tried it in my lifetime and this method didn’t work for me then either. An article I read today, the fella there had tried for years before he got one ember. He did what everyone claimed they did and he got nothing.
Yeah I know they could have gotten fire from volcanos. Like today not everyone had a volcano in their back yard. So if they did make fire using two rocks then once that fire was created, it was worth protecting with their lives.
Below is the only video I’ve found that shows fire being started with rocks. Take a look. No I don’t know what kind of rocks is used here.
32.Starting a Fire Using Rocks and Steel
Using a rock and steel to make a fire is much easier to do than just two rocks as discussed. Still it can turn into lots of work. A good piece of steel and a hunk of quartz you can defiantly get something burning. That said, your gonna have to practice at it first.
You’re gonna like the video below as the guy is very good at this technique. He also shows you what different rocks you should be looking for.
How to Make Fire Quicker With These Must Have Tools
Trying to get a fire going using a friction based tool can be down right tedious if not impossible, unless conditions are perfect. I found out the hard way in northern Arizona during the winter storms. Getting an ember going in the wet cold weather was not happening for me. Just to much wind and moisture in the air to deal with.
I know I’m not alone in this experience. Being freezing cold all night is no fun, but it was the last time that happened.
Below are tools to make fire starting easier and in my opinion are must haves. If you are going to be making fires on a regular basis.